The position of the PRC is that the ROC ceased to be a legitimate government upon the founding of the former on 1 October 1949 and that the PRC is the successor of the ROC as the sole legitimate government of China, with the right to rule Taiwan under thesuccession of states theory.
The position of PRC is that the ROC and PRC are two different factions in theChinese Civil War, which never legally ended. Therefore the PRC claims that both factions belong to the same sovereign country—China. Since, as per the PRC, Taiwan’s sovereignty belongs to China, the PRC’s government and supporters believe that the secession of Taiwan should be agreed upon by the 1.3 billion Chinese citizens instead of just the 23 millionROCcitizens who currently live in Taiwan.Furthermore, the position of PRC is thatUN General Assembly Resolution 2758, which states “Recognizing that the representatives of the Government of the People’s Republic of China are the only lawful representatives of China to the United Nations”, means that the PRC is recognized as having the sovereignty of all of China, including Taiwan (established by Cairo Declaration, Potsdam Proclamation and Japanese Instrument of Surrender). Therefore, the PRCbelievesthat it is within their legal rights to extend its jurisdiction to Taiwan, by military means if at all necessary.
In addition, the position of PRC is that the ROC does not meet the fourth criterion of the Montevideo Convention, as it is recognized by only21 UN member statesand has been denied access to international organizations such as the UN. The PRC points out the fact that theMontevideo Conventionwas only signed by 19 states at the Seventh International Conference of American States. Thus the authority of the United Nations as well as UN Resolutions should supersede theMontevideo Convention.
It is clear that the PRC still maintains that “there is only one China in the world” and “Taiwan is an inalienable part of China”, however instead of “the Government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legal government of China”, the PRC now emphasizes that “both Taiwan and the mainland belong to one and the same China”One-China policyis deemed unacceptable by the PRC government. The PRC government is unwilling to negotiate with theRepublic of Chinagovernment under any formulation other than One-China policy, although a more flexible definition of “one China” such as found in the1992 consensusis possible under PRC policy. The PRC government considers the 1992 consensus a temporary measure to set aside sovereignty disputes and to enable talks.
. Although the current position allows for flexibility in terms of defining that “one China”, any departure from the
The PRC government considers perceived violations of its “One-China policy” or inconsistencies with it such as supplying the ROC with arms a violation of its rights toterritorial integrity.International news organizations often report that “China considers Taiwan a renegade province that must be united with the mainland by force if necessary”, even though the PRC does not explicitly say that Taiwan is a “renegade province” in any press releases. However, official PRC media outlets and officials often refer to Taiwan as “China’sTaiwan Province" or simply "Taiwan, China”, and pressure international organizations to use the term.
May & I have been talking about the Taiwanese perspective of their falling under the umbrella of Chinese rule (or territory or whatever) and there are some incredibly complex political issues that I’ve honestly never heard of. Click through for a short education.
In her estimation, the people of Taiwan don’t want to be called Chinese, but recognize that they are wholly dependent on China, so their official inclusion is expected in the not-too-distant future.